What is Thrush?

The common vaginal yeast infection thrush is a type of vaginitis – an inflammation of your vagina. Both fungus and bacteria naturally live in your vagina, but when the fungus Candida albicans increases, it can cause thrush. This fungus may increase when your immune system is weak or when good bacteria (called lactobacilli) can’t keep the fungus under control.

There are times when you are more prone to thrush:

  • If you are pregnant
  • If you have finished a course of antibiotics
  • If you have diabetes
  • If you are on your period
  • If you take birth control pills
  • If you have a HIV infection

Who gets thrush?

Having thrush is normal – around 75%1 of women will experience it at least once in their lives , while many women may suffer from recurrent thrush.

If you've never had thrush before and you think you may have it, visit your doctor. Once you recognise your own symptoms and you know they’re not serious, we’ll help you to deal with thrush independently at home. Thrush doesn’t take long to clear up once you’ve started treatment2.

Just so you know, thrush is not a sexually transmitted infection.

Thrush and pregnancy

Thrush will not stop you from getting pregnant. However, some of the symptoms may make having sex uncomfortable.

If you’re pregnant it’s completely natural for your hormones to change and affect your body – so your chances of getting thrush increase.

If you’re pregnant or breastfeeding and you have thrush, speak to your doctor before taking any treatments.

3 out of 4…

Thrush is very common. 3 out of 4 women suffer from it at least once in their lives1.

1 Sobel 2007 VVC Lancet review
2 Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care 2006; 32(1): 33–42



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